Restructuring security in Africa beyond the millennium: Al-Shabaab menace in Kenya
Dr. Paul Abiero Opondo, Thomas Otieno JUMA
This paper interrogates using a positivist thinking how security in Africa can be restructured beyond the millennium. The authors underscore that security concerns in Africa have indeed been wanting and the continuity of the same in the close of a millennium is a necessary issue to worry scholars, governing elite, partners, and the general citizenship. This discourse in the scary security issue of our time in the East Africa region erstwhile dotted with many other conflicts require practitioners and the civilians and other external stakeholders to play a role in restructuring security if it be re-strategizing the existing strategies or overhaul of existing frameworks. The security concerns are made worse by the Al-Shabaab menace in the Kenyan landscape. The paper begins by a general comparison of the security concerns in Africa of the past millennium with the current emerging security issues; it then focuses on the dynamics of the security concerns in Africa, and then lastly thinks of restructuring this security beyond the millennium. The study adopts a qualitative approach in arriving at its conclusions.