Vol. 1, Issue 2 (2015)
Female workers and their Socio-Economic Profile: A study of Unorganised Sector in India
Author(s): Dr Minakshi Kumawat
Abstract: The relation between nation’s prosperity and women condition can be best understood by the famous quote given by Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru. “You can tell the condition of a nation by looking at the status of its women”. Indian constitution assures equality of opportunity in all aspects of life including employment and guides the State to secure equal rights for livelihood, equal pay for equal work as well as healthy conditions of work for all. In spite of the rigorous efforts of the State, the economic status of female is lagging far behind their male counterparts. Women work in the most difficult way, they earn the least in life. The additional social responsibilities shouldered by them, their subordinate status in society, male dominated family set up , socioeconomic backwardness, proneness for occupation in the unorganized sector with low productivity and marginalization in employment opportunities account for their poor or low earning capacity. (Kumari and Rammna, 2001). A Majority of women work in unorganized sectors for low wages due to low level of skills, illiteracy, ignorance and surplus labour and thus face high level of exploitation.