Vol. 2, Issue 1 (2016)
Cultural conflict in the fictional plots of E.M Forster
Author(s): Aasif Rashid Wani
Abstract: Cultural Conflict is a type of conflict that occurs when different cultural values and beliefs clash. It has been used to explain violence and crime. Difference in cultural values and beliefs that, place people at odds with one another. Cultural conflict as one that occurs when the expectation of a certain behavior coming from there, cultural backgrounds are not met, as others have different cultural backgrounds and different expectations. It is fluid and dynamic, overlapping and adapting. Culture is indeed everywhere. It forms our belief systems, frame, and perceptions, formulates understandings and guides behaviour. Culture is not about painting music theatre or dance. Culture is seeped into all activities and expressions that extend below the surface and unite individuals under a common sense of self. On a continuous basis, culture gives meaning and currency to our lives. It is not merely a tool for development, nor a means to an end but a virtue that is learned, adopted and constantly evolving. Conflict is a normal part of human interaction. It is even necessary to a certain extent. It must not always presume war. It can manifest at multiple levels including behavioral, emotional or prospective dimensions. Conflict can include segregation, discrimination, and exclusion. Whatever the root of the problem, it is manner of handling differences that either provoke or diminish a situation. In conflict resolution, tolerance and passion are key factors. Conflict is competition by groups or individuals over incompatible goals, scarce resources, or the sources of power needed to acquire them. This competition is also determined by individuals’ perceptions of goals, resources and power and such culture, the socially inherited, shared and learned ways of living possessed by cultural boundaries thus is also occurring across cognitive and perceptual boundaries and is especially susceptible to problems of intercultural miscommunication and misunderstanding These problems exacerbate the conflict, no matter what the root causes of it----including strict material interests-may be. In this sense culture is an important factor in many sorts conflicts that at first may appear to be exclusively about material resources and negotiable interests.