Vol. 2, Issue 8 (2016)
Author(s): Satwinder Kaur
Abstract: Vijaynagar Empire is also known as Karnataka Empire. It was founded in 1336 by two brothers Harihar I and Bukka Raya of Sangam dynasty. By1346, the whole of the hoyasala kingdom had passed into the hands of vijayanagar rulers. The brothers continued their career of conquest and consequently within the lifetime of Harihar I, the kingdom of Vijayanagar extended from Krishna in the north to the neighbourhood of the Kaveri in the south and comprised the whole country situated between the eastern and western oceans. Bukka II was succeeded by his son Harihar II who ruled from 1379 to 1406. He earned the titles Vaidikamarga Sthapanacharya and Vedamarga Pravartaka. The earliest known Saluva from inscriptional evidence in the Vijayanagara era was Mangaldeva, the great grandfather of Saluva Narasimha Deva Raya. Saluva Narasimha restored internal law and order in the empire. The Saluva dynasty also soon came to an end, and a new dynasty called the Tulva dynasty was founded by Vira Narasimha. He ruled from 1505 to 1509. Krishna Deva Raya was the greatest ruler of Tulva dynasty and one of the most famous kings in the history of India. He ruled from 1509 to 1530. The rule of Krishnadeva raya was a glorious chapter in the history of Vijayanagara Empire. Aliya Rama Raya, also known as Rama Raya was the founder of the Aravidu Dynasty. Moreover, the chiefs of Seringapatam and Bednur and Naiks of Madura and Tanjore were able to set up independent kingdoms of their own. It was under these circumstances that the Vijayanagar Empire disappeared.