Insurgency and the challenges of combating terrorism in Nigeria: The Boko haram menace
Once in control of her territory, people, economy, politics, culture and religion, the Nigerian state have been engulfed in a rapacious and unfortunate nightmare in day light. Consequently the Nigerian state seems to be losing the very soul of her peaceful existence. The tears of the victims of terrorism, poor leadership, corruption, hyperinflation, stagnant low wages, weak naira, over dependence on oil and poor resources curse, poor infrastructure, insecurity, unreliable power and education, ethno-religious brigandage and high unemployment which unleashes a perfect storm of genocide on the nations soul, flood the country’s milieu. The situation is dire in the North, the frustration and alienation drive many to join “self-help” extremist ethno religious groups some of which are hostile to the state. It is in this seeming “Hobbesian –State of Nature” that the group called Boko Haram (usually translated loosely as “Western Education is forbidden”) emerged. It is an Islamic extremist sect that believes corrupt false Muslims control Northern Nigeria. The group is bent on establishing an Islamic state in the North with strict adherence to Sharia (Islamic Law). Data collection for this paper was basically secondary, making use of content analysis both as an instrument of data collection and analysis. The study adopted the structural violence theory and its theoretical framework. It is the view of this paper that more hostile groups may emerge except drastic steps are taken to pursue a more inclusive democratic government with emphasis on man-centered development strides.