Reforms in Police: Need to improve efficiency of the police force
Dr. Sunet Rani
Safety of life and property of people is the basic responsibilities of governments of every country in the world. It is by creating and maintaining an efficient police force that the government provides a feeling of security enjoyed by the people. Security alone is not enough; in a democratic society, they also want to enjoy their individual freedom and rights without unwanted and illegitimate interference by a coercive and insensitive police force. Many evidences indicating India has been a primitive society with tradition of associating people in governance during the ancient times as well as in medieval period. When the British took over the reins of administration from Mughals in 16thcentury, the law and order situation in the empire was at very low ebb. They made various changes in the police system to control the law and order in the colonial state. The British Rule ended in 1947 and India became independent on 15th August, 1947, but this independence did not bring any significant change to the police administration. The central government has taken many initiatives for the reforms in the police by constituting expert commissions and working groups (i.e. Santhanam Committee, The Central Vigilance Commission, Administration Reforms Commission, Gore Committee, Shah Commission, The National Police Commission, National Human Right Commission, and Padmanabhaiah Committee). The commission and committees made for reforms provided various recommendations for aforesaid matters but there have been no sustained implementation of the recommendations. The result is that the common man does not feel secure or protected in the society on the other hand he may be harassed by the police if he dares to take a stand against the establishment. So, the efforts should be made to enhance the peace and order in the society.