Vol. 5, Issue 3 (2019)
Supreme spiritual structures of Islam: Mecca, medina and Jerusalem (A Brief account of history & development)
Author(s): Dr. Rahul Maurya
Abstract: After founding Islam by Prophet Mohammad, mosque became an important architecture for prayer, preaching and rituals. There are three supreme mosques in the world which equally devoted by every follower of Islam. These are in Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem. In pre Islamic era, the Kaaba at Mecca was an important site for the worship of dwelling tribes in Arabian Peninsula and was equally devoted by everyone. In Islamic beliefs, this site is associated with Abraham and his son Ismail. Prophet Mohammad would have chosen this site as it was recognized by all surrounding tribes and local people, and also accredited with pre existing religious activities. Prophet cleaned this site with his followers and broken all the idols surrounding here. This famous mosque is called Masjid-al-Haram. The mosque at Medina is directly belonged to Prophet Mohammad where he lived many years and there were a large number of followers who believed in him and his preaching. The mosque of Medina is second sacred mosque of Islam known as Masjid-al-Nabi. The third holiest mosque of Islam Masjid-al-Aqsa is located in the old city of Jerusalem which equally valuable for Jews, Christian and Islam. The site where mosque and famous Dome of rock built is associated with night journey of Prophet. This article deals with history and developments of all three supreme mosques of the world which are mentioned above and also discusses important facts about creation of these mosques. It describes architecture and expansion of all three supreme mosques in different periods briefly so that we get the idea as to how the architecture was developed with different style of its elements.