Urban diversity and social disparity between public spaces in amman City: A Case Study (New Abdali and Al-Balad)
Dr. Durgham Shtaya
This study examines the effect of the emergence of modern spaces on the diversity of public spaces in Amman City and the extent of their contradiction and differences with old spaces. This aim is achieved through analysis of the economic, social, cultural and spatial aspects of public spaces in New Abdali and the old city centre, Al-Balad. This study also sought to highlight the most significant physical differences between these spaces and their visitors’ qualities, economic and social characteristics, behavioural patterns, activities, interactions and marketing preferences and attitudes towards public spaces. Henri Lefebvre’s concept of urban space was utilised in the discussion of public spaces, role of globalisation, neo-liberal approaches to the diversity of public spaces in Amman, the disparity between both spaces and of its impact on inequality and social exclusion. Each public space had visitors who differ from those of the other space in many economic and social characteristics, including behavioural patterns, marketing preferences and gender mainstreaming, which led to the decline of social integration and interaction. The study recommended the need for creating a common public space to combine the highest number of social groups of both sexes and to pay considerable attention to the youth and their needs in public spaces.