Performance on work completion under MGNREGS: District-wise analysis of Gujarat
Sheth Zulfiqar Mohmad Yusuf, Syed Noman Ahmed
To enhance rural livelihood security and achieve inclusive growth, Government of India has opted for a right’s based and guaranteed wage employment program intervention. Accordingly, the Indian Parliament has passed the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) in 2005, which came into force in February 2006. The Right to Work or the MGNREGA in a short span of ten years generated 170.6 crores person-days of employment benefitting 12.22crores workers from which more than half were women. In Gujarat, the implementation of MGNREGA started from February 2006 in 6 districts and gradually covered whole State. As a statutory law, it holds the government accountable for providing at least one hundred days of guaranteed wage employment in every financial year to every household in rural areas of India. Another important component of Mahatma Gandhi NREGA is to create sustainable local assets related to natural resource management, environment protection, enhancing rural connectivity and land development and water related works. 4.6 crores assets all India level has been created so far and 9.5 lakhs assets created in Gujarat. This study aimed to investigate work completion rates of projects under taken by each districts of the Gujarat state and to explore its’s relationship with the person-days generated under the Mahatma Gandhi NREGA. Study finds alarming steady falling rate of work completion rate despite increasing trend of work demand and person-days generated in the same span of time.