The division of the Indian sub-continent in 1947 was a catastrophic event which led to untold miseries in both the successor states of India and Pakistan. Diverse forces were at play which eventually ruptured the social fabric of the region thus leading to geographical bifurcation of British-India. Some of the factors responsible for the division were intrinsic to the socio-economic condition of the region while other factors were acting from the periphery. These factors combined together gradually evolved into a phenomenon which led to the forget event of 1947. This paper attempts to examine the causes and factors which made the partition of the country inevitable.