The effectiveness of student teams-achievement division (stad) cooperative learning on mathematics comprehension among school students
Wong Nguok Ling, Mohd Izam Ghazali
This research aims to identify the effectiveness of Student Teams-Achievment Division (STAD) cooperative learning techniques towards Mathematics comprehension in Sarikei District, Sarawak. The number of subjects involved this research is seventy students from Year Five in Sarikei District, Sarawak. 35 students were in the experimental group – 20 males and 15 females – while another 35 students were in the control group – 19 males and 16 females. Data collection was done twice which were the pretest and the post test. The gap between the exam was four weeks. The Mathematics test has consisted of 10 comprehension items. The questions were adapted from Ujian Pencapaian Sekolah Rendah (Primary School Assessment Test). The data was analysed with mixed between-within subjects ANOVA. The findings of this research have shown that STAD techniques in Mathematics learning can increase Mathematics comprehension. This research has also shown main effect and direct interaction in students’ Mathematics comprehension in the posttest between the experimental group and the control group. This shows that STAD cooperative learning techniques play important roles as an active pedagory to increase Mathematics comprehension. STAD encourages the students and teachers to be innovative and creative to improve teaching and learning of Mathematics in the classroom. This benefits the students in Sarikei District and enable them to compete healthily with the other students from urban areas in Mathematics.