Systematic assessment of the functionality of Nigerian education, its implication on national development and graduate unemployment
Uzoma H.C, Maduka, O.G, Emeronye, U. R.
The general perception of employers and the public that Nigerian education offers little or no relevant skills making her graduates unemployable necessitated this study which was aimed at systematically assessing the functionality of Nigerian education and inferring it`s implication to graduate unemployment and national development. Descriptive survey design was used. Graduate Youth Questionnaire (GYQ) and Tertiary Institution Lecturer Questionnaire (TILQ) were closed ended likert 4 point scale questionnaires that were used to collect data. Raw data collected was analyzed using percentage distribution and chi square. Results show that the fifteen hypothesis tested had the following P values at 0.05 level of significance H1=0.000, H2=0.53, H3=0.001; H4=0.031, H5=0.000, H6=0.202, H7=0.047, H8=0.000, H9=0.000, H10=0.004, H11=0.100, H12=0.000, H13=0.000, H14=0.205, H15=0.07. The implication of the result is that there is; unemployment in the first two years of graduation, poor vocational, employability and professional skills, high tendency to embrace foreign education, low level of educational facilities, low access to certifications, poor moral conduct, low quality and quantity of research and rampant use of traditional teacher centered approach to learning. We recommend a holistic review of Nigeria education policy and its implementation process and method as to make it reflect solution to industry and societal challenges as well as meet up with global realities.