Land registration and strategic gender segregated data capturing for land ownership: Experience from land regularization projects in Tanzania
*Naomi Norah Makota, Dr. Cosmas B.M. Haule
Land registration is an important aspect of the Land Administration System (LAS) which enables to capture land ownership information and status for supporting planning and decision making processes. This study was conducted at Magomeni in Mtwara-Mikindani Municipality and Hannanasif and Mburahati Barafu at Kinondoni Municipality in Tanzania. The purpose of the study was to assess the status of the existing LAS and suggest ways to improve it through capturing and segregating data related to gender. Data were collected using household surveys, influential people and key informant interviews. Interviews were conducted at the lowest level of local government authority administrative structure (Mtaa) and Municipal Council. Questionnaires regarding potential sources of land registration information were administered to house owners and checklists were designed to capture information from key informants and influential people involved in land regularization projects. The results from the study showed that land register existed in some study areas but was not specifically for LAS, no gender segregated data and had limited or restricted accessibility. Since there were different approaches used to make land/property transactions among individual owners, the Mtaa reported not obliged for keeping such information. Following these findings, the study concludes that there were no reliable information on land/property in both study areas. The study therefore recommends an introduction of a simple gender inclusive land register that would capture and align gender segregated data from Mtaa to Municipal levels in order to have comprehensive and reliable land records for supporting planning and strategic decision making.