A critical analysis of solid waste management in Faridabad city
Kokila Yadav, Dr. ML Bansal
Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is generated in Faridabad city in Haryana, India, due to its rapid economic growth, increasing population and change in living standards of city. This paper analyses critically existing municipal solid waste management in study area. At present, the total solid waste generated in Faridabad Municipality is around 622 tons/day, but the waste collected by the Municipality is about 470 tons/day, which means almost 152 tons/day of the solid waste remains uncollected. Presently, there are three dumping sites which are temporary in nature. Recently, three NGOs named Ramki (NIT), Vishal Protection Force (Old Faridabad) and International Academy (Balllabhgarh) have been awarded the work of door-to-door collection by MCF. After collecting the waste from the houses, these NGOs transfer it to the nearest collecting points. There are at present 342 collection points in the city provided with community bins, open bins, dumper bins, etc. Capacity of Compost Plant situated at Bandhwari village (Gurgaon road) is 1000MTP. It includes 600MTP for Faridabad and 400MTP for Gurgaon. Presently, 20OMTP is used for making compost, fuel pallets and RDF. The wastes are being dumped in the open without any treatment. Salvage of materials with recycling potential and value by rag-pickers takes place primarily at the collection points and partly at the landfill sites. Collection and dumping of domestic and municipal wastes is a serious problem in Faridabad city because of its impact on environment and public health. This leads to the pollution of ground and surface water because of leaching. Polluted water flowing from waste disposal sites caused serious pollution of water supply. The open burning of waste caused air pollution, illness, reduction in visibility and making disposal sites dangerously unstable. The gases produced by burning cause different respiratory diseases. Aerosols and dust spread fungi and pathogens from uncollected and decomposing waste.