Uncertainty of Kemalist state and Islamic revivalism in modern Turkey: An analysis
Abdu Sadik K
After the decline of Ottoman Sultanate major Islamic socio- political influences were ended officially in the world. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk established an ultra-secular Turkey which was not favour for majority of Turkish Muslims. The Turkish Muslim community were faced identity crisis and political uncertainty. The Muslim community of Turkey struggled to maintain their socio-religious life in the Republic of Turkey. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk had controlled Islamic influences in socio-political life of Turkey. The changes from the Sultanate to the republic actually changed the Turkish socio-political life and history. The socio-political crisis of Muslim community quest for appropriate solution for the current crisis. Cultural clash and ideological developments increased in the public life of Turkey. The crisis of Muslim community caused for several intellectual debated in Pro secularist community. Various pro Kemalist groups rethink about concepts of democratization of country its aim is not to discriminate of human rights and religious freedom; it should be considered rights of citizens. The intellectual and ideological contribution Islamic Scholars and politicians like Sayid Nursi, Necmettin Erbakan and Fatehulla Gülen... etc helped the emergence of Muslim society in the Republic of Turkey. This distinguished Islamic Scholars became in mainstream as representatives of Muslim Umma. In the middle of twentieth century Turkish political ground renovated and developed from grass rout level. Various opportunities open for pro religious movements to became part of mainstream politics and socio developments in modern Turkey. The AKP (Justice and Development Party (AK Party) introduced a new regime of modern concept of Islam and religious intellectual ideology. They treated religious affairs as a necessary and important matter in human life. They are motivated and guided by democratic conservatism. The Islamic revivalism of Turkey is very different from others, which has a special roots and method. Turkey’s new policies are ideologically motivated by Islam and Islamic teachings. In this paper, I’m trying to analyse the development of Islamic influences in the Kemalist secular Turkey.