Stress coping strategies and job performance of academic staff of Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Rivers State, Nigeria
Dr. Glory Amadi, Dr. Hanson Manuabuchi Ukaegbu
This study was designed to determine the extent to which problem-solving, social support, and Avoidance stress coping strategies predict job performance of academic staff of Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Rivers State, Nigeria. Correlation design was adopted for the study. Two research questions and two corresponding hypotheses guided the conduct of the study at 0.05 alpha level. A sample 220 participants was drawn from the population through cluster sampling technique. Two instruments namely; Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ) and Lecturers’ Job Performance Scale (LJPS) were used for data collection. Simple and multiple regression analyses were used for data analysis. All data were subjected to analysis using statistical package for social science (SPSS). Results showed that; stress coping strategies (problem-Solving, social-support, and avoidance) statistically significantly predict job performance of academic staff of Ignatius Ajuru University of Education. When taken independently, the contributions of problem-solving and social-support were significant while that of avoidance was not. Finally, it was found that social support had the highest contribution, followed by problem-solving, and lastly by avoidance strategy. Based on the findings, recommendations were made which are: Academic staff of universities should seek counselling whenever they go through occupational stress. Counselling will expose them to effective stress management strategies like social support and problem-solving techniques. Government should create opportunities for the employment of more academic staff into our universities to reduce lecturers’ workload and also enhance their productivity.