Les migrants agricoles dans la restructuration de l’espace rural: cas du département de meagui au sud-ouest de la Côte d’Ivoire
Yao Kouadio Jules, Alla Kouadio Augustin, Oulibaly Sidiki Youssouf
This article analyzes the new transformations observed in the rural area of Méagui following a migration in this zone motivated by the plantation economy. When it gained independence, Ivorian governments focused the country's development on agricultural production. The prosperity of the policies developed for this purpose has had the corollary, a strong degradation of forest areas. Even today, this regressive trend of plant cover continues and has increased in the department of Méagui. The purpose of this article is to analyze how migration phenomena have helped transform the rural area of Méagui? Document mining and field survey are the methods used to collect the data in this study. It emerges from this study that the immense primary forest that covered the departmental territory was transformed essentially into crop areas. Better, with the agricultural settlers, new cultures have integrated the local landscape. Increasingly important areas of culture are breaking with the ancestral farming practices of the Bakwés, a native of the study area. Also, the demographic growth engendered by the phenomenon of agricultural colonization has accelerated the population dynamics in this almost empty locality of man. Of 21 villages and 43 camps (ARSO, 1972), the Department of Méagui currently has, according to INS (2014), 2934 camps attached to 67 villages.
Yao Kouadio Jules, Alla Kouadio Augustin, Oulibaly Sidiki Youssouf. Les migrants agricoles dans la restructuration de l’espace rural: cas du département de meagui au sud-ouest de la Côte d’Ivoire. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Research, Volume 4, Issue 6, 2018, Pages 81-90