Positing institutional mechanism of NCST: An intensive intervention on tribal distress and development in India
Sumit Kumar Minz
The tribal community in India have a significant role in development and prosperity of the country. But even after 73 years of independence a large section of tribal population is still under the shadow of poverty and underdevelopment. Post independent India has witnessed ethos of emotional plea for tribal development by successive governments and tribal development seems more a slogan of good governance. It is acknowledged that a wide population of Scheduled Tribes have not received much benefit from the development process in spite of huge contribution in the development process through different means. The government of India has formulated various policies, plans and programmes including constitutional bodies to look after the affairs for the rapid and overall development of the tribal people in the country. Yet, such efforts of the government seem to have failed to achieve the goal of improving adequate socio-economic development of tribal community. Despite of all claims made by successive governments in India the quest for tribal development is yet to become a reality. The paper aims to study the institutional mechanism of tribal development to find out the strength and weakness of the mechanism. In the process it intends to examine the role of National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) to make specific recommendations on the issue of tribal development.