Environmetal pollution, the militia, amnesty and gunboat diplomacy in the niger delta region of Nigeria 2008-2018
Umoh Udofia Sunday
This paper examines environmental pollution, the militia, amnesty and the gun boat diplomacy in Niger Delta region of Nigeria. To do this, the paper adopts the theories of alienation by Marx (1932) and anomic by Emile Durkheim (1893) and popularized by Robert Merton (1938 and 1954). The theories assume that alienation gives way to frustration and eventuates anomic behaviour seen in both the gap between needs and satisfaction and in the discrepancy between goals and means in a capitalist economy. The theories explain the feeling by the militia of being alienated from the oil wealth in the region leading to a magnified frustration and anomic actions of violence. Data for the research was generated from secondary sources like textbooks, government gazettes, published articles and other scholarly sources. The paper adopted qualitative descriptive design, and from analysis condemns the resultant militancy and criminalization of the true Niger Delta struggle for resource control, it unequivocally questions the contradictions of the federal government policies and actions so far on the Niger Delta issues. It condemns the continued federal government staggering and slumbering posture on the region’s crisis like the vacuity in the proposed Ogoni clean-up of 2018. The paper concludes that the federal government amnesty offer to the militants was a legitimate instrument of the government to guile the legitimate demands of the people of the region and open up the entire region for massive looting. That the amnesty project was therefore, a Trojan horse to the militants and the Niger Delta struggle and recommends a total overhaul of the polices regarding oil exploration even as it encourages a complete cleanup of the polluted environment for a sustainable peace.
Umoh Udofia Sunday. Environmetal pollution, the militia, amnesty and gunboat diplomacy in the niger delta region of Nigeria 2008-2018. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Research, Volume 7, Issue 3, 2021, Pages 27-33