Mughal-Mewar relations in the late 17th and early 19th centuries
The political history of the Rajputana shows that from the eighth century onwards, several principalities existed in Rajputana whose rulers acquired independent authority. These Rajput rulers believed in fragmented political authority; therefore, they usually conflicted with each other. Mahmud Ghaznavi’s attacks had exposed the military power of the Rajputs to other (Turks) political leaders. However, the Rajput rulers were more interested in extending their lead in the neighbouring areas than in making the frontier policy. The period between the death of Harsha and the defeat of Prithviraj Chauhan in the Second Battle of Tarain is marked as the most eventful epoch in the history of Rajputana and Central India. During nearly six centuries, many Rajput dynasties emerged that claimed Kshatriyas descends. The whole of Northern India was divided into many mutually warring principalities governed by them as there was no paramount sovereign. The political authority of the Rajput rulers was confined to northern and western India.