‘Inter’ and ‘Intra- Generational’ Conflict on Environment: Kenyan Perspective
Julius K Sholle, Thomas Otieno Juma
The paper seeks to gain a deeper insight on an impending conflict on unsustainable use of environment in Kenya. The generation of the day seems to extract more from the environment with little regard to Mother Nature and future generations. These acts of threat directed to the environment are contrary to the guiding principles of sustainable development, thus contradicts ‘inter’ and ‘intra’ generational principles of environmental sustainability. Environment management in Kenya has experienced a number of setbacks owing to the detachment of locals from conservation, and insufficient awareness on how to manage environment. Further, the government policies on environment sometimes conflict with the locals’ principles that are traditional in nature and which if incorporated may serve a great deal in the management of environment. The paper seeks to answer the following questions; what are some of the causes of conflict on environment? How can sustainability in environment be achieved? What are some of the African traditional approaches in environmental conservation? Are taboos still viable in the management of environment? And finally, is it high time we start ‘protecting’ and not ‘managing’ environment and its resources as captured on Kenya’s lead National Environment Management Authority (NEMA)? By looking at two cases, this paper highlights two situations; The Katuk- Odeyo gulley erosion, a representation of a hidden conflict and the Mt. Elgon land case, an example of a full blown conflict on environment.