Rehabilitation; A practical issue in the Sundarban deltaic area with special references to Ghoramara Island, South 24 Parganas, West Bengal, India
The Sundarban deltaic area is built up with the bunch of islands which is situated in the active deltaic region at the confluence of Ganga-Brahmaputra River. As a result, these islands are surrounded by brackish water bodies. Therefore erosional and depositional processes are going on at a same time. But some islands are eroding excessively. For this reason these islands have turned into endangered islands and the fact is that population of this islands becomes endangered in respect of their own settlements. For example Ghoramara and its surrounding islands are slowly abolishing or abolished by the erosional processes by the tidal surge and oceanic hazards. It is found that the islands of Lohachara, Suparibhanga, and Agunmari are at urge of abolishment and people of this area have needed rehabilitation from their own place to others and it will also suitable for Ghoramara island. At present Ghoramara island is maintaining its existence somehow or other. This Present paper deals with the problem of rehabilitation of people and proposes to some in situ and ex situ rehabilitation measures for long term or short basis.