The impact of the French literature on the modern Persian literature
The social and cultural interactions between Persia and France had been established since accession of the Safavids in Iran. The influx of foreigners into Iran and Iranians into West caused a new sort of trend in European literatures and Persian literature. Travelers played a leading role in bringing them closer academically and culturally. Iran’s interaction with the West in general and with the France in particular resulted in the form of a revolution on political, social and literary levels. The establishment of Dar-ul-Funun necessitated the translations of books from the western world. Persian literature, which had deteriorated since Mongol times in Iran, had started its revival in the early nineteenth century. The primary reform in prose literature took place ‘in the official correspondence, led by two of the greatest prime ministers Persian has ever produced: the Qa’im Maqam Farahani and the Amir Kabir. Later innovations came from two political and literary figures: Mirza Malkom Khan and Abdul Rahim Talibuff’. After that Jamalzade, Hedayat and many more writers who visited France or any other western country and became familiar with their literatures wrote some remarkable and path-breaking books that also revolutionized the whole corpus of Persian prose literature. As a matter of fact Persian literature has adopted many new forms and modernity and is inspired by European literatures in general and French literature in particular.