Cross Border Cooperation between India and Nepal in Context to SAARC
Abhishek, Dr. Rajesh Kumar Shastri, Nikhil Yadav
Cross-border cooperation has a direct impact on bilateral regional development of peripheral areas and it improves the lives of citizens of both the countries in multiple ways. Cross-Border Cooperation of countries has done between local actors (governmental, civic, and business). It serves as an important means for reinforcing institutions of both countries at local level and regional economic development as well as security & peaceful coexistence of neighboring peoples and states. Cross-border cooperation insists for reconciliation, regional development and the overall rebuilding of relations & trust between the countries. India and Nepal has a good neighbor understanding as history reveals. India and Nepal have conventionally been close since ancient times in view of the geographical contiguity, proximity, common religious, linguistic and cultural identities. Social and cultural ties have been enhanced by open border with no restrictions on the movement of people on either side. Ethnic and linguistic similarities exist along with Nepal-India border, both in the south plains and hills in the east and west. The role of religious centres of pilgrimage for both Hindus and Buddhists in both countries has been responsible for strengthening the social and cultural bonds between the two countries. Nepal and India enjoy excellent bilateral relations in political, economic, trade and cultural fields, apart from intimately closer people-to-people ties. India is extending economic and technical support to Nepal, especially after 1951. The signing of the India-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship in 1950 established the framework for the unique ties between the two countries. Since the early fifties, India has contributed significantly to the socio-economic development of Nepal. Areas of economic relations mainly cover basic infrastructure such as airports, irrigation, agriculture, roads, bridges, power projects, industrial estates, communication, surveys, forestry, building construction, along with some vital social sector areas like health, education, human resource development etc. After the creation of SAARC India and Nepal has common plateform to improve the relations. This paper aims the need for effective implementation of better border management so as to prevent cross border criminal activities, irregular movement for the both sides.