“Earth is our mother and we are all her children” Earth is one of the rarest gifts that the nature has given to the Human beings. Even after prolonged experiments the scientist could not established, that human can survive in any other plant except earth. Therefore, humanity must live within the carrying capacity of the Earth. It is duty of the people who are living now, to use the resources of the earth sustainably and prudently so that they do not deny certain benefits to future generations. Human rights are the basic rights inherited to all human beings, irrespective of his nationality, place of residence, sex, national, ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. Clean and healthy environment is a pre-requisite for the enjoyment of human life. All human beings depend on the environment in which we live. A safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment is integral to the full enjoyment of a wide range of human rights, including the rights to life, health, food, water and sanitation. Protecting human rights will helps to protect the environment. Therefore, it becomes the duty of the state to provide healthy and clean environment to its citizens. There are various national as well as international laws which consists the provisions for protecting and preserving the environment. Even then we are lacking to provide clean & healthy environment therefore it becomes the duty of ever person to protect environment. In this paper our focus would be on what are the laws we have for protecting environment as well as the role of judiciary for protecting it.