Household economy influences the health condition among the santal tribes of Odisha: An anthropological study
Rajeswar Maharana, Irshad Khan
Despite India’s recent economic growth, health and human development indicators of scheduled tribes lag behind national average. There are 1.2 billion people have been achieved in recent growth and development. Out of the total populations of India around 8.6% constitutes the tribal people (2011 Census of India). They are found in most parts of the country and are generally economically deprived. The health troubles of rural areas especially of the tribals region need a unique concentration, because the tribal people have typical health problem, which generally governed by their traditional belief, practices and ecological condition. The tribes those are residing in Odisha are leading the poor health status due to these following factors like; remoteness, poverty, insufficient annual income of the family member, lack of education, malnutrition, absence of safe drinking water and sanitary condition, poor maternal and child health services, infective coverage of national health and nutritional services, available communication and transportation medias and less genetic knowledge affects the Santal to great extent. However, the household income is strongly correlates to health status and access to health care services. Greater wealth is allows a household to maintain its standard of living and the standard health. Income is also related to the amount of preventive care received, which is associated with health out-comes. Household with less education and low level of income are spending less on health care expenditure and vice versa. The present study is based on fieldwork and 131 Santal households were taken interviewed of from the Bantali Rakhasahi village of Mayurbhanj district of Odisha. The study tries to find out the influence the household income of the pattern of health condition and its expenditure.