Aging is a process where over time an individual experiences a decline in performance, productivity and health. Traditionally, the care of the aged has been the responsibility of the family. But new trends have emerged to transform family structures which has reduced the capacity of this institution to serve as the safety net for the less privileged. The emergence of nuclear family has changed the pattern of life enormously. The institution of family as the shelter for aging is gradually being eroded. Ageing is the natural stage of human life, it brings with it innumerable problems for the people who have grown old. These problems can be distinguished under subheads health, economic, physiological, housing and elder abuse related India faces many challenges in welfare for its elderly population. This article highlights the problems of aged population living in India.