Leadership styles of principals in relation to organizational role stress, emotional intelligence and gender
Dr. Umesh Kumari
The study examined the leadership styles of principals in relation to organizational role stress, emotional intelligence and gender. Data was collected by multistage random sampling technique from a sample of 250 principals of private senior secondary schools of five districts of Punjab (Moga, Ludhiana, Patiala, Ferozpur and Jalandhar). Standardized tools of Leadership style Scale by Sinha (1983), Emotional intelligence scale by Hyde et al. (2002) and Organizational role stress scale by Pareek (1993) were used in this study. The data were analyzed by employing mean, SD, r and t ratio. It was found that male and female principals use Participative style (LS5) i.e. 35% and 39% respectively as the most dominating style. Principals with high emotional intelligence preferred participative (34%) as the most dominating leadership style and Principals with high organizational role stress prefer Participative (38%) as the most dominating style, further results showed that there was a significant difference in the tendency to adopt (LS1) Authoritarian as leadership style in principals with high and low emotional intelligence. Self-awareness (EIA) was a positive predictor and managing relations (EIE) was a negative predictor of the Authoritarian (LS1) leadership style from among the 10 dimensions of emotional intelligence in case of male principals. Implications- The principals can guide their teachers in a proper way and can provide facilities to his followers. In changing times, principals expect from school teachers, to bring high academic results and to display exemplary character traits. Healthy work environment is also expected from teachers. It is the one of the foremost duty of a school principal to provide congenial and attractive work conditions both for the students and teachers.