Housing for Poor and the impact of IAY in rural India: Present context
Rural housing has been marginalized both in wider policy discussions as well as within the debate on rural issues because rural housing needs are generally subordinated to urban housing needs in policy priority. Yet housing is essential for the well-being and social security of rural households. Compared to urban areas, rural areas suffer more from the concentration of deprivation. With incomes generally lower than the urban areas and seasonal unemployment, many households find difficult to gain ownership of homes. This has implications for social sustainability of rural communities and is causing increased polarization as younger people migrate to the urban areas in search of jobs leaving behind their old folk and children resulting in negative impact on rural enterprise and economic viability. This paper intends to analyze the major housing scheme of the Indian government i.e., Indira Awaas Yojana. It is based on the secondary data. This An article analyses the housing condition in India; conceptual framework, housing problems of the rural poor, strategies for improving rural housing programme, housing shortages and policy implications.