Rebellions of 1916 in Kazakhstan and Ireland: General and special
Dr. Gulzhaukhar Kokebayeva, Saiat Alibekov
The national liberation movement in the various colonial countries had their own features, determined by the concrete historical conditions of each country, its level of socio-economic development, ethnic and national characteristics, as well as forms and methods of colonial administration. Last year marked the 100th anniversary of two events – the Easter rebellion in Ireland and the national liberation uprising in Kazakhstan. The Easter rising was fairly local (it was held only in Dublin), and participants were few. Uprising in 1916 in Kazakhstan, was part of a great event that engulfed the whole Russian Central Asia. Is it possible to draw Parallels between these two events? The article is the first attempt to make comparative study of history of the national liberation movement in Ireland and Kazakhstan. The methodological basis for a comparative study of these historical events is the theory of colonialism. Colonialism is considered as a "capture of markets and cheap labor" to maximize profits. Colonialism — a system of domination of the group of industrialized countries over the rest of the world in the 16th-20th centuries. As our studies prove that the colonial policy of British and Russian authorities as well as the nature of the national liberation movement of the peoples of Ireland and Kazakhstan had a lot in common. The rising of 1916 was the last powerful burst people's spontaneous protest in Kazakhstan, and Ireland. Subsequent stages of the national liberation movement was related to the Irish and Kazakh national political parties.