Contending issues in Nigerian federalism and the politics of revenue allocation: Case study of the Niger delta
Rufus Anthony, David Efiong Eyo
The philosophy and principles of federalism is anchored on the division of governmental power and functions among deferent layers of government in a political entity. Thus, when Nigeria first adopted the federal structure in 1954 it had so many things in mind and one of such was to avoid a problem peculiar with countries that are multi-ethnic like Nigeria; resource allocation problem, and to reduce the years of the minorities by giving the constituent units a degree of freedom. However, despite adopting the federal structure for donkey years now, Nigeria has found it difficult to keep her constituent unit happy there by bringing into question the nature of the country federalism. It is in line with the above that the research interrogated the politics of resource allocation as practiced 'in Nigeria’s federalism and how it has undermined the development capabilities of the Niger Delta. Using the relative deprivation theory, the study drew a correlation between marginalization, conflict and underdevelopment in the Niger Delta area and thus concludes that the failure by the various post-independence Nigerian leaderships to evolve an equitable mechanism for the distribution of political power and economic resources is at the root of the Nigerian problem and that the deliberate annulations of the resource allocation formula by successive government in the region. And thus, the study made the following recommendation: that derivation should be adopted as the main criteria for revenue allocation.