Architecture and oppression: Measuring power mediation levels and pacification potentials in monuments
Hossein Sadri, Senem Zeybekoğlu Sadri
The social spaces of the cities which are created by diverse generations are different than architectural spaces as products. Architecture in the later meaning is produced by power, capital and institutional knowledge to control and abstract the ‘life-world’ of people. Architecture turns to an oppressing instrument through mediating power over space and everyday life of people especially by erecting monuments. Cyprus as a place of long term conflict has a reach collection of these monuments, which work to remind and efface. Creating architectural oppression in the everyday life of people, they act as weapons of psychological warfare. In this article firstly the role of architecture in the militating of space is discussed and respectively the levels of mediation of the power over spaces and their pacification potentials are introduced. Using the modes of power mediation and monumentality, the article introduces an original method of measuring oppression levels for monuments. The six monuments including one monument from each side in the three periods of the Cyprus conflict is explained and evaluated according to the developed criteria. The article finally concludes with explaining how with the changes of modes of power, their mediation over spaces specifically in the monuments are happened.