Juvenile delinquency: Elementary concepts, causes and prevention
Dr. Saroj Choudhary
Children and their problems have been receiving attention of both government and the society. But it has been seen that the problems are enormous and never ending, thus resulting in lack of everything that has been done till today. If these problems are not curbed soon then the growth of the children will be hampered giving a dark future to our country. Children are greatest national asset and resource. In India, under section 82 of the Indian Penal Code, nothing is an offence which is done by a child under seven years of age and under section 83 nothing is an offence which is done by a child above seven years of age and under twelve, who has not attained sufficient maturity of understanding to judge the nature and consequence of his conduct on that occasion. There is no single cause of Juvenile delinquency but there are many and varied causes. Basically, causes of Juvenile delinquency are of three types: 1) Biological 2) Socio-Environmental and 3) Psychological, Physiological and personal. The aim of juvenile justice should be that any reaction to juvenile offenders should always be in proportion to the conditions of both the offender and offence. Juvenile delinquency is an ongoing problem in today’s society, there needs to be more programs created in order to correct this issue.