Effects of disability and the path ways to prevent disability on the families
Dr. C Suvitha
This article focus on children with disabilities, causes for disability, types of disability, and also discusses the effects of disability on families and explores the present condition of disabled children in India. Recent research’s highlights that a child’s disability will affect parent’s health and economic conditions of the family, also it will have impact on the parents’ relationship. In longer term disability will have impact on a child’s school education and its capacity to get a good employment. There is greater negative impact on the future wellbeing of the children with mental health problems when comparing with the children with physical disabilities. The recent statistics reveals that out of total population of disabled in India, 72 percent lives in the rural India and families in the rural India see the disabled as a burden and stigma to the family. The interesting part of this article is the discussion on how to prevent disability from the family point of view and the role of parents, siblings and relatives in reducing the effects of disability on the families. Suggestions were made on the need and implementation of research, more effective programmes and role of voluntary organisations and social workers to prevent and reduce disability in India. Role of academic institutions focussing on starting of field research units in the area of prevention of disability were discussed.