British intervention in Kashmir its impact upon economy and society
Mohd. Iqbal Dar, Dr. AK Manjulkar, Manoj Kar
In this paper Researcher try to examine the impact of British intervention in Kashmir. Although on one hand British colonialism strengthened the mechanism of exploitation; but on the other, their intervention had a utilitarian face. Thus, the colonial intervention after 1885 though motivated by British political interests that were threatened by Russian expansion in central Asia had a dramatic impact on agrarian landscape of Kashmir. The British introduced reforms in land tenure and revenue system. These reforms provided a relative relief to the peasantry by conferring upon them the occupancy rights and abolishing illegal taxes and begar. Besides agrarian reforms, modern medical facilities as well as modern education was introduced into the Kashmir valley. By the introduction of modern education in Kashmir people became politically consciousness about their sufferings.