Translation in qualitative research with an emphasis on grounded theory
Pratap Chandra Mandal
Translation is sometimes an issue in qualitative research. This is particularly true when the research is conducted in a specific language and the publication needs to be done in any other language. Data analysis also becomes a problem when the research team consists of researchers from backgrounds with different languages. In such cases, it is imperative to perform translation. It is absolutely essential to consider the importance of translation which becomes an issue in its own right. In this article, the guidelines for translation in qualitative research are presented with an emphasis on researches conducted based on grounded theory. Recommendations about the procedures for translation are presented. The translation procedure might follow four steps: translation in the process of coding, translation in the process of team discussion, translation in the process of advanced coding, and ensuring the accuracy of translation.