A study on reasons behind farmers suicide and the response by the government of Tamil Nadu
R Thilagavathi, Dr. S Indira
In India the Tamilnadu has occupied an area of 1.3 lakh sq. km with an overall area of around 63 L.Ha for Agriculture. Sadly, suicide is not yet part of the national discourse. Also, a problem of this magnitude needs composite national response where national, state, city and village governments, all public and private corporate, schools and colleges, civil society come together and take a vow, no more business as usual. In Tamilnadu State, Primarily in delta region, news in the media about farmers' suicides and sudden deaths shocked everyone.Initially started with one or two deaths per day, the number rose to ten. It was reported that more than 120 farmers have succumbed to suicides and sudden cardiac deaths in 2 months, primarily in the Delta Region, due to the failure of crops owing to non - availability of irrigation water from Cauvery and the failure of North East monsoon. Mostly in the Cauvery delta, have reportedly committed suicide during a period of one month, and the number continues to rise unabated. Tamilnadu government has declared the State as the one drought affected due to monsoon failure, compensation offered is not according to the ground reality. Although decided upon implementing various schemes for preserve farmers from suicide in delta region. This paper focuses to know the reasons behind farmers’ suicide and the reactions of Tamilnadu government for that farmers’ suicide.