Studying the nature of social security process of elderly people in urban and rural areas
Samarakoon MT, Ekanayaka S
Individuals over the age of 60 years can be recognized as an age group which may face different biological changes. Security of them who are regarded as an older population is a social responsibility. In the rural areas this social responsibility is realized through the human family, but there is no such a situation in urban society. In general terms, aging can be identified as a problematic situation to be discussed in the society perspective. It is important to separately study how social security is implemented in rural and urban areas. Accordingly, Research problem was, “Is there any difference in the social security system of the elderly between rural and urban area?” As well as the objective of the study is to study whether there is a difference between the elderly protection in rural and urban areas. Two Grama Niladhari Divisions with rural and urban features were considered in the study. Accordingly, 75 sample was taken under the proportional stratified sampling method, 35 were from the 59/A/1 Arachchikanda Grama Niladhari Division and 40 from the 533/C Egodawatta Grama Niladhari Division. There were 74% elderly residents of the Arachchikanda Grama Niladhari Division living under the care and safety of their children and it is confined to only 15% in Egodawatta. 91% elderly residents in Aarachchikanda mentioned that they were satisfied with the area they are living. But only 23% people posted their consent in Egodawatte. 89% elderly residents in Arachchikanda expressed the satisfaction of having the opportunity to get in touch with others but only 33% stated that in Egodawatte. Thus, there is a difference in between social security process of the elders between rural and urban areas. Therefore, it is possible to identify that other institutes have involved providing social concentration to elders in urban areas.