After Reza Khan entered the Iranian political scene with the coup of 1299 AH, with the support of foreign colonial governments, especially England, he tried to form a centralized top-down regime in Iran. In order to achieve its goals, the Reza Khan government had to destroy the semi-independent tribal governments. One of these tribal governments was the semi-independent Bakhtiari tribe which had to be abolished. In fact, the political power of the semi-independent government of Bakhtiari was one of the semi-independent political governments during the decentralized rule of the Qajar Empire. In such a situation, the semi-independent Bakhtiari government and the centralized government of Reza Shah faced each other. The political Relations between Reza Shah's government and the semi-independent government ofBakhtiari tribe from the coup of 1299 to 1309 were often based on political conflict based on peaceful nonviolent cooperation with appeasement. This study is a descriptive-analytical historical study using library resources, documents, archives. The main purpose of this article is to answer the question of what kind of political conflict was based on the type of political interactions with the Bakhtiari government from the coup of 1299 AH to 1309 AH. Were those relations more military and violent?