Major livelihood sources among chenchus (PTG): A case study of Mahabubnagar district in Telangana state
K Nageswara Rao, SK Munwar Ahammed
The present paper refers to the major livelihood sources among Chenchus (PTGs) in Mahabubnagar district of Telangana state. The main objective of this paper is influencing livelihood source of Chenchu tribe people in the selected tribal area. As Chenchus are at pre-agricultural stage of economy, their settlements are usually found in the forests on which they heavily depend. They have symbiotic relationship with forests and subsist largely on flora and fauna available in the forest. It can be stated that wherever Chenchus ate largely food gatherers, hunters, their settlements are spare and wherever traditional occupation was diversified and settled agriculture is adopted their settlements are large. The Chenchus are a semi-nomadic tribe of Telangana State, entirely depend on the forest products. Hunting and gathering are the main sources of their livelihood. The Chenchus do not live permanently at one place in the forests. "They have the habit of burning their hut when someone dies in the family." The Chenchus live in nuclear families. The only division of labour in Chenchu society is that between the gender and even this is less marked than among many other primitive races. The collection of the majority of the food stuffs during the various seasons is effected by both men and women, there being no distinction in the method employed certain other activities, however, such as hunting, honey-taking and basket – making are exclusively male, while women prepare most of the food. Hunting as practiced in the 20th century among the Chenchus of the Amrabad Plateau shows evident signs of disintegration. In search of the causes for its relegation to a secondary role in Chenchu economics, the research team has able to discern two factors, which are responsible for this decline.
K Nageswara Rao, SK Munwar Ahammed. Major livelihood sources among chenchus (PTG): A case study of Mahabubnagar district in Telangana state. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Research, Volume 6, Issue 3, 2020, Pages 67-71