Manifestations of income among rural household heads: Its implications on food security in Lugari Sub-County, kakamega County, Kenya
Francis Barasa O
Today food security is a global problem. Most countries of the world especially in Sub-Saharan Africa and East Asia face severe instances of food insecurity. The situation has increasingly become an acute problem in Kenya especially in resource constrained rural households. Accessing enough food to meet nutritional and dietary requirements is still a challenge to most households the majority of which can manage only one meal per day. Although recent studies by The World Bank indicate that hunger has dropped to almost half of what used to there in the last twenty years, it still persists in some areas in the world. Today 1 out of 9 people in the world go to bed without a meal because of their inability to access food. The situation has been worsened with the onset of Covid 19 pandemic. The Sustainable Development Goal number 2 has made eradication of hunger a priority but it still acknowledges that hunger still persists in some regions of the world. In Kenya it is estimated that over 10 million people cannot access adequate food. Therefore, empowering rural households to access sources of income can reduce instances of hunger among the poor. The objective of this study was therefore to assess manifestations of income in rural households as a tool for sustainable food security. The study was anchored on human resource theory and used a quantitative approach in which data was collected from a sample of 260 household heads by use of interview schedule and analysed using Chi-Square. The findings were presented in form of tables and frequency tables and percentages. The Spearman rank correlation was used to test the relationship between variables. The findings show that manifestations of income in rural households can reduce the re-current problem of food scarcity and hunger. The study concludes that accessing sources of income is a prerequisite of alleviating hunger because households will be able to purchase food in the right quantities. The study recommends that the government should enforce policies to strengthen access to sources of income among rural households. It also recommends re-introduction and strengthening of agricultural extension services to support the resource constrained poor at the grassroots to develop and increase production of food. The study will benefit the government and policy makers in Strategic National Reserve division, the County government and the Agricultural Extension division and the County Governments in Kenya.
Francis Barasa O. Manifestations of income among rural household heads: Its implications on food security in Lugari Sub-County, kakamega County, Kenya. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Research, Volume 6, Issue 6, 2020, Pages 24-29