Women worldwide are voicing the call of action in saving the environment around. In such calls, there are activists, innovators, authors, entrepreneurs, tribal, locals and scientists, who have paved the way to rethink and reconsider gender equality in bringing a suitable solution in the climatic change. Some of the leading examples are Wangari Maathai, the founder of the Green Belt Movement (1977) in Kenya, the youngest Swedish activist Greta Thunberg, the Mexican diplomat Patricia Espinosa who was the leader of the UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) etc. The list is actually unlimited in this context. However, it is utter misfortune that despite of women’s larger contribution, they always remain under rated in the process of making decisions in framing climatic actions or designing policies of climate change, in both global organizations or the private and public sector. According to UNFCCC, it is very crucial to involve women’s voice in drafting policies of climate-related projects as women have recognized to be more effective. The ability of women in finding solutions to climatic changes have crossed political or ethnic lines, predominantly in those regions where people mostly depend on the resources of nature for their livelihoods such as farming, fishing and forestry, or areas where the complete ecosystems are under danger, just like tiny island states, or the Amazon and the Arctic. Investments, govt. policies and projects implementations without the meaningful contribution of women are certainly less effective and responsible for aggravating gender inequalities. Thus, in the process of conserving natural resources and promoting environmental safety certainly not possible to do at a full phase without an active involvement of women. In the present paper, efforts have been made to explore the role and contributions of women in environmental conservation, economic development, promoting education and transmitting culture in the society.
Debasmita Dash, Padmaja Jagati, Indurekha Mahapatra. Role of gender equality in sustainable environment and economic development: An approach towards women empowerment. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Research, Volume 7, Issue 3, 2021, Pages 51-55