Welfare and development schemes structure of scheduled caste in India
P Surya Kumar
Economic development is not just about development of basic needs of individuals but about people working together to achieve sustainable economic growth and improved lives. Employment and income are needed to grow. Welfare refers to assistance programs sponsored by governments for needy individuals and families, including schemes, such as food stamps, Education development health care assistance, and unemployment compensation. According to the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, the central funds released to development of Scheduled caste is 3991.88 crore during 2011-12, these funds were extended to 6908.33 crore during 2020-21. sector-wise funds allocation to Scheduled caste during 2018-19 to 2020-21, these observations were revelled the total scheduled caste funds last three years are, educational developmental funds are declined, economic developmental funds are increased three times, social developmental funds are almost stationary and rehabilitation & manpower development funds are also increased. Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY) was launched on a Pilot basis during 2009-10. The Scheme aims at integrated development of villages in which the population of Scheduled Castes is above 50 per cent. In this scheme, pilot phase 1000 villages were selected and funds released Rs. 201 crore rupees during 2009-14. At present, phase-II (2018-2020) were running in this phase 13216 villages were selected in entire India and Funds allocated Rs.1291.15 crore Rupees for the development of Scheduled Caste. From the BJRCY scheme, during the 2009-10, the central funds released Rs.2536 lakh for the development of SC Girls hostels and Rs.620 lakh for the development of SC Goys hostels, these expenditures were declined to Rs.1635.2 lakh for SC Girls hostels and increased to Rs.865 lakh for SC Boys hostels during 2019-20. NSFDC scheme for economic development of scheduled caste people, in the financial year 2014-15 the Govt. of India was allocated funds through various banks/institutions Rs.270.27 crore rupees, these funds were steeply increased Rs.681.5 crore rupees during 2019-20.