The advent of Mahatma Gandhi was an indelible landmark in the history of the national movement. He energized the national movement by resurrecting the dormant ideology of truthfulness and non-violence and compelled the British to leave the country at their earliest. Mahatma Gandhi, a reformist of the 19th century, transformed the nature of the national movement by thoughts, workings, and movement. Mahatma Gandhi returned to India from South Africa in 1915. Before his arrival, the national movement had a different nature, but after 1915, the movement took on a mass movement. Gandhi was born at Porbandar in Gujarat on 2nd Oct 1869. At the age of 18, he went to England. Mahatma Gandhi played a pivotal role in the freedom struggle of India. His non-violent ways and peaceful methods were the foundation for gaining independence, from the British. After Independence, in democratic India, people can either petition the government for redress of grievances or stand for elections themselves.